Dallas County Coronavirus (COVID-19) Updates and Information
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2019 新型冠狀病毒 (COVID-19)

Dallas County Health and Human Services - 2377 N. Stemmons Freeway, Dallas, TX 75207
Telephone: 214-819-2000

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2019 新型冠狀病毒 (COVID-19)

由於2019新型冠狀病毒疾病的爆發,美國疾病控制和預防中心建议旅客避免前往中国大陆韩国,并重新考虑前往亚洲或亚洲之内的游轮。避免前往中国的建议仅适用于中国大陆,不包括香港,澳门或台湾。疾病预防控制中心(CDC)已针对COVID-19发布了多个针对特定国家/地区的旅行健康通知。旅行后,如果您感觉不适,请致电医生,告诉他们您旅行的地点和症状。

What is a novel coronavirus?

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not that same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

A diagnosis with coronavirus 229E, NL63, OC43, or HKU1 is not the same as a COVID-19 diagnosis. Patients with COVID-19 will be evaluated and cared for differently than patients with common coronavirus diagnosis.

How does the virus spread?

The new coronavirus seems to be spreading from person-to-person. Learn what is known about the spread of COVID-19.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19 infection?

Patients with confirmed COVID-19 have reportedly had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, cough, and/or shortness of breath.

At this time, CDC believes that symptoms of COVID-19 may appear in as few as 2 days or as long as 14 days after exposure. This is based on what has been seen previously as the incubation period of MERS coronaviruses.

Can someone who has had COVID-19 spread the illness to others?

The virus that causes COVID-19 is spreading from person-to-person. Someone who is actively sick with COVID-19 can spread the illness to others. That is why CDC recommends that these patients be isolated either in the hospital or at home (depending on how sick they are) until they are better and no longer pose a risk of infecting others.

How long someone is actively sick can vary so the decision on when to release someone from isolation is made on a case-by-case basis in consultation with doctors, infection prevention and control experts, and public health officials and involves considering specifics of each situation including disease severity, illness signs and symptoms, and results of laboratory testing for that patient.

Current CDC guidance for when it is OK to release someone from isolation is made on a case by case basis and includes meeting all of the following requirements:

  • The patient is free from fever without the use of fever-reducing medications.
  • The patient is no longer showing symptoms, including cough.
  • The patient has tested negative on at least two consecutive respiratory specimens collected at least 24 hours apart.

Someone that has been released from isolation is not considered to pose a risk of infection to others.

Can someone who has been quarantined for COVID-19 spread the illness to others?

Quarantine means the separating a person or group of people who have been exposed to a contagious disease but have not developed illness (symptoms) from others who have not been exposed in order to prevent the possible spread of that disease. Quarantine is usually established for the incubation period of the communicable disease, which is the span of time during which people have developed illness after exposure. For COVID-19, the period of quarantine is 14 days from the last date of exposure because 14 days is the longest incubation period seen for similar coronaviruses. Someone who has been released from COVID-19 quarantine is not considered a risk for spreading the virus to others because the have not developed illness during the incubation period.

How can I help protect myself from COVID-19?

Visit the CDC's COVID-19 Prevention and Treatment page to learn about how to protect yourself from respiratory illnesses, like COVID-19.

What should I do if I had close contact with someone has COVID-19?

There is information for people who have had close contact with a person confirmed to have, or being evaluated for, COVID-19 available online.

For more information, please see the CDC's Frequently Asked Questions and Answers
Source: Texas Department of State Health ServicesCenters for Disease Control and Prevention 
Please see the CDC COVID-19 Traveler Info Card here (also linked in Care Kit below).

To slow the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) into the United States, the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are working with DCHHS to implement after-travel health precautions. Depending on your travel history, you will be asked to stay home for a period of 14 days from the time you left an areas with widespread or ongoing community spread (Level 3 Travel Health Notice).

Countries that have a Level 3 Travel Health Notice (widespread, ongoing transmission):

  • China
  • Iran
  • Italy
  • South Korea

Travelers arriving into the U.S. from the above countries will be asked to do the following:

Stay home for 14 days from the time you left an area with widespread, ongoing community spread (Level 3 Travel Health Notice countries) and practice social distancing.

Take these steps to monitor your health and practice social distancing:

  1. Take your temperature with a thermometer two times a day and monitor for fever. Also watch for cough or trouble breathing.
  2. Stay home and avoid contact with others. Do not go to work or school for this 14-day period. Discuss your work situation with your employer before returning to work.
  3. Do not take public transportation, taxis, or ride-shares during the time you are practicing social distancing.
  4. Avoid crowded places (such as shopping centers and movie theaters) and limit your activities in public.
  5. Keep your distance from others (about 6 feet or 2 meters).

If you get sick with fever (100.4°F/38°C or higher), cough, or have trouble breathing:

  • Seek medical care. Call ahead before you go to a doctor’s office or emergency room.
  • Tell your doctor about your recent travel and your symptoms.
  • Avoid contact with others.

If you need to seek medical care for other reasons, such as dialysis, call ahead to your doctor and tell them about your recent travel to an area with widespread or ongoing community spread of COVID-19.

Care Kit Materials for Home Monitoring

As of March 8, 2020, there are 35 U.S. states, including the District of Columbia, reporting cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). While there is still much to learn about the unfolding situation, preliminary information raises the concern about the immediate threat for COVID-19 for certain communities in the U.S. This is a rapidly evolving situation and the CDC, along with federal, state, and local partners, are working diligently to prepare communities for the potential of further spread in the U.S.

CDC recommends individuals and families follow everyday preventative measures, otherwise known as non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI), as the frontline of defense against COVID-19 and other seasonal respiratory viruses:

  • Voluntary Home Isolation: Stay home when you are sick with respiratory disease symptoms. At the present time, these symptoms are more likely due to influenza or other respiratory viruses than to COVID-19-related virus.
  • Respiratory Etiquette: Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue, then throw it in the trash can.
  • Hand Hygiene: Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds; especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with 60%-95% alcohol.
  • Environmental Health Action: Routinely clean frequently touched surfaces and objects

Routine use of these measures by individuals and their families will increase community resilience and readiness for responding to an outbreak.

(Source: COVID-19 Situation Summary (CDC))

Resources

CDC 旅行警报

CDC 观察级别 1:如旅行健康通知和/或目的地页面上所述,针对此目的地实施常规预防措施。
CDC 警报级别 2:针对此目标实施增强的预防措施。"旅行健康通知"增加了其他预防措施, 或定义了高危人群。
CDC 警告级别 3:避免前往此目的地的所有非必要行程。疫情对旅行者是高风险的,没有预防措施来预防已确定的高风险。
国家/ 地区旅行警报类型日期
中国疾控中心警告 - 3级,避免非必要旅行 - 广泛的社区传播
美国国务院4级:不旅行
1/6/20
2/2/20
香港疾控中心观察 - 1级,实行常规预防措施
美国国务院 - 2级:增加 预防措施 
2/16/20
2/20/20
伊朗疾控中心警报 - 2级,社区持续传播 -高危旅行者特别预防措施 
美国国务院4级:不旅行
2/23/20
2/26/20
意大利CDC 警报 - 2 级,社区持续传播 - 高危旅行者的特殊预防措施
美国国务院 - 2级:增加 预防措施
2/23/20
2/26/20
日本CDC警报 - 2级,社区持续传播 -高危旅行者的特殊预防措施
美国国务院 - 2级:增强 预防措施
2/19/20
2/22/20
澳门美国国务院- 2级:增强预防措施 2/11/20
韩国CDC 疾控中心警告 - 3级,避免非必要旅行 - 广泛的社区传播 
美国国务院 - 3级: 不必要的旅行 
2/24/20
2/26/20
其它有明顯擴散的社區其他感染的社区分布于新加坡、台湾、泰国、越南
社区传播意味着人们感染了病毒,包括一些不确定他们是如何或在哪里感染病毒的人。目前,病毒传播的不够持续或广泛,无法达到旅行健康通知的标准。如果更改,CDC 将更新此页面
  • 2020 年 1 月 31 日,美国卫生与公众服务部宣布进入公共卫生紧急状态,其中包括更新的旅行限制和隔离措施。
  • 2020 年 1 月 30 日,世界卫生组织 (WHO) 宣布 SARS-CoV-2 疫情为国际关注的突发公共卫生事件。

达拉斯郡目前尚未出现COVID-19确诊病例。达拉斯郡卫生与公众服务部继续与美国疾控中心和得克萨斯州州卫生局密切合作,监测2019年新冠状病毒疾病(COVID-19)的爆发,该感染是由一种称为SARS-CoV-2的冠状病毒引起的,该病毒在中国武汉市首次发现。

什么是 SARS-CoV-2?

2019 年新冠状病毒 (SARS-CoV-2) 是一种病毒(更具体地说,是冠状病毒),被确定为中国武汉首次发现的呼吸道疾病爆发的 原因 (COVID-19)。据报道,早些时候,中国武汉爆发疫情的许多患者与大型海鲜和动物市场有某种联系,这表明动物对人的传播。然而,人与人的传播已经得到确认。目前还不清楚这种病毒在人与人之间传播的容易程度。

SARS-CoV-2感染的体征和症状通常包括发烧、咳嗽和呼吸困难。喉咙痛也报告在一些患者中。这种新型冠状病毒有可能导致严重的肺炎和死亡。尽管老年患者和慢性病患者患重病的风险较高, 但严重疾病的危险因素尚不明确。最新的情况摘要更新可在 CDC 的网页上找到

(资料来源:COVID-19,CDC)

对旅行者与确诊的新冠状病毒感染SARS-CoV-2患者有密切接触旅客的指导

从2020年2月3日(星期二)开始实施。过去14天内在中国的旅行者,包括美国公民或居民,以及获准进入美国的其他人,在《新冠状病毒的总统公告》中宣布了新的旅行措施。他们 必須在 离开中国后14天内,与当地卫生部门合作,监测自己的健康状况,包括每天用温度计量体温两次,并监测自己的症状。根据他们的健康和旅行历史,将被要求进行社会隔离,并在14天的时间内 限制行动。(来源:中国旅客抵达美国,CDC)

如果您最近有在中国旅行, 或者您与新型冠状病毒患者有 密切接触 過 且出现发烧、咳嗽或呼吸困难的人有密切接触,请立即进行以下操作:

  • 马上就医;在去看医生或急诊室之前,请提前打电话。告诉他们您的症状和旅行史(或与确诊的新冠状病毒 病例密切接触(如果适用)。离开家时,一定要戴口罩.  請將此卡 打印出来 并给醫護人員.
  • 您就诊后,请留在家中,避免与他人接触。
  • 避免乘坐公共交通工具(如公共汽车、地铁、火车或飞机)出行,直到病情康复。
  • 咳嗽或打喷嚏时,用纸巾或袖子(不是双手)捂住鼻子和嘴巴。
  • 经常用肥皂和水洗手至少20秒,以避免将病毒传播给他人。如果没有肥皂和水,请使用酒精洗手液。

其他资源

联系信息

  • 服务电话(214) 819-2004 咨询周一至周五上午 8:00 - 下午 4:00。
  • 医生可拨打 DCHHS 24/7 应答服务电话 1-(877)-605-2660 进行咨询。
  •  媒体查询可致电 PIO_DCHHS@dallascounty.org或致电 (214)-819-1929。