General Procedures for Filing an Eviction for Non-Payment of Rent

Effective January 16, 2024, Justice of the Peace 3-1 will begin accepting electronic filings via eFile for Texas.

Justice of the Peace 3-1

North Dallas Government Center – 6820 Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway, Suite 3100, Dallas, Texas 75240-6511
(214) 321-4106 Main
Office E-mail:

Beginning March 1, 2024, JP 3-1 will no longer accept filings by email or fax. Please refer to our Electronic Filing page for information on how to file electronically.

Department E-mails:

Hours of Operation: 8:00 A.M. - 4:30 P.M., Monday - Friday
Se Habla Español

Representing Yourself in Court
The following information is not legal advice and does not take the place of a lawyer.

  1. The tenant must have already failed to pay the rent as agreed. Landlord cannot refuse to accept rent and thereafter claim rent was not paid.
  2. The landlord must deliver a written "Notice to Vacate" or "Demand for Possession" naming each occupant the landlord seeks to evict from the premises. The notice must give the reason for demanding possession. The written notice must give the tenant time to vacate voluntarily. The time to vacate in the notice must be at least three (3) days, unless the landlord and tenant have agreed to a greater or lesser than three day time period in a written lease or agreement.
  3. Delivery of the notice must be done by one of the following methods:
    1. Handed to a tenant in person. (Or anyone living at the premises who is at least 16 years old.)
    2. Mailed to the tenant. (If mailed the landlord must wait an additional two (2) days to allow for the mail to be delivered before filing the eviction.)
    3. Attached to the inside of the main entry door.
  4. After the notice is delivered, wait until after the notice period expires, then go the Justice of the Peace Court in the precinct where the property is located to file a written "sworn petition" for eviction. The court will determine who has a greater right to possession of your rented property. Forms for filing are available online.

(Sample wording of the "Notice to Vacate for Non-payment of Rent.")

Dear ______________, (Name all Tenants)

Today is the _______ day of ______________________, 20___.

The rent has not been paid. I demand possession of my rental property. This is a notice that you vacate the premises by _______________ or I will file an eviction suit with a Justice of the Peace Court.