Dallas County Coronavirus (COVID-19) Updates and Information
Click here.

-A A A+



General Procedures for Filing an Eviction for Non-Payment of Rent

Important Notice

The courthouse has been closed by order of the County Judge. We are currently under orders to work remotely, therefore we are not able to accept new cases until the order is lifted.

Given the published uncertainty of the extent of the spread of the COVID-19 virus during this pandemic, it is not reasonable or prudent to require jurors, litigants, witnesses, peace officers, attorneys, or the court personnel to be additionally exposed to the potential risk of contamination and infection, therefore all scheduled hearings for this court are hereby suspended until further notice.

Click here for more information.


Justice of the Peace 3-1

North Dallas Government Center – 6820 Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway, Suite 3100, Dallas, Texas 75240-6511
(214) 321-4106 Main • (214) 321-4912 Fax
Office E-mail: JP31Court@dallascounty.org
Hours of Operation: 8:00 A.M. - 5:00 P.M., Monday - Friday
Se Habla Español

Representing Yourself in Court
The following information is not legal advice and does not take the place of a lawyer.


  1. The tenant must have already failed to pay the rent as agreed. Landlord cannot refuse to accept rent and thereafter claim rent was not paid.
  2. The landlord must deliver a written "Notice to Vacate" or "Demand for Possession" naming each occupant the landlord seeks to evict from the premises. The notice must give the reason for demanding possession. The written notice must give the tenant time to vacate voluntarily. The time to vacate in the notice must be at least three (3) days, unless the landlord and tenant have agreed to a greater or lesser than three day time period in a written lease or agreement.
  3. Delivery of the notice must be done by one of the following methods:
    1. Handed to a tenant in person. (Or anyone living at the premises who is at least 16 years old.)
    2. Mailed to the tenant. (If mailed the landlord must wait an additional two (2) days to allow for the mail to be delivered before filing the eviction.)
    3. Attached to the inside of the main entry door.
  4. After the notice is delivered, wait until after the notice period expires, then go the Justice of the Peace Court in the precinct where the property is located to file a written "sworn petition" for eviction. The court will determine who has a greater right to possession of your rented property. Forms for filing are available online.

(Sample wording of the "Notice to Vacate for Non-payment of Rent.")


Dear ______________, (Name all Tenants)

Today is the _______ day of ______________________, 20___.

The rent has not been paid. I demand possession of my rental property. This is a notice that you vacate the premises by _______________ or I will file an eviction suit with a Justice of the Peace Court.


_________________________,
(Landlord)